International Day of Rural Women

The crucial role that women and girls play in ensuring the sustainability of rural households and communities, improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing, has been increasingly recognized. Women account for a substantial proportion of the agricultural labour force, including informal work, and perform the bulk of unpaid care and domestic work within families and households in rural areas. They make significant contributions to agricultural production, food security and nutrition, land and natural resource management, and building climate resilience. Even so, women and girls in rural areas suffer disproportionately from multi-dimensional poverty. While extreme poverty has declined globally, the world’s 1 billion people who continue to live in unacceptable conditions of poverty are heavily concentrated in rural areas. Poverty rates in rural areas across most regions are higher than those in urban areas. Yet smallholder agriculture produces nearly 80 per cent of food in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa and supports the livelihoods of some 2.5 billion people. Women farmers may be as productive and enterprising as their male counterparts, but are less able to access land, credit, agricultural inputs, markets and high-value agrifood chains and obtain lower prices for their crops. Structural barriers and discriminatory social norms continue to constrain women’s decision-making power and political participation in rural households and communities. Women and girls in rural areas lack equal access to productive resources and assets, public services, such as education and health care, and infrastructure, including water and sanitation, while much of their labour remains invisible and unpaid, even as their workloads become increasingly heavy due to the out-migration of men. Globally, with few exceptions, every gender and development indicator for which data are available reveals that rural women fare worse than rural men and urban women, and that they disproportionately experience poverty, exclusion and the effects of climate change. The impacts of climate change, including on access to productive and natural resources, amplify existing gender inequalities in rural areas. Climate change affects women’s and men’s assets and well-being differently in terms of agricultural production, food security, health, water and energy resources, climate-induced migration and conflict, and climate-related natural disasters.

2019-10-15

Health and Sports Day (Japan)

Japan celebrates Health and Sports Day ('Taiiku no Hi)') on the second Monday in October.The aim is to promote sports and an active lifestyle to ensure a healthy mind and body.

2019-10-14

International Day for Disaster Reduction

The International Day for Disaster Reduction was started in 1989, after a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. Held every 13 October, the day celebrates how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face.

2019-10-13

Passing of His Majesty the Late King (Thailand)

A new holiday in Thailand after the passing of the King in 2016. A moment's silence will be held across the nation at 3.52pm to mark the exact time the monarch died at age 88, following years of poor health

2019-10-13

World Migratory Bird Day

2018 was an important transition year in the history of World Migratory Bird Day - unifying the planet’s major migratory bird corridors, or flyways: the African-Eurasian flyway, the East Asian-Australasian flyway, and the Americas flyways. Celebrated from now on twice a year, on the Second Saturday in May and in October, WMBD aims to reach out to a broader audience and amplify its message for bird conservation. As a new global platform that unifies efforts worldwide, WMBD will be reinforcing education and awareness-raising about the need to protect migratory birds and their habitats - at all different levels, in all parts of the world.

2019-10-11

International Day of the Girl Child

Since 2012, 11 October has been marked as the International Day of the Girl. The day aims to highlight and address the needs and challenges girls face, while promoting girls' empowerment and the fulfillment of their human rights. Today's generation of girls are preparing to enter a world of work that is being transformed by innovation and automation. Educated and skilled workers are in great demand, but roughly a quarter of young people – most of them female – are currently neither employed or in education or training. Of the 1 billion young people – including 600 million adolescent girls – that will enter the workforce in the next decade, more than 90% of those living in developing countries will work in the informal sector, where low or no pay, abuse and exploitation are common. On 11 October, International Day of the Girl, we are working alongside all girls to expand existing learning opportunities, chart new pathways and calling on the global community to rethink how to prepare them for a successful transition into the world of work.

2019-10-11

World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day is observed on 10 October every year, with the overall objective of raising awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilizing efforts in support of mental health. The Day provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work, and what more needs to be done to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide.

2019-10-10

Taiwan's National Day & Holiday

Also known as Double Tenth Day, this day is the national holiday of Taiwan. In the run up to Double Tenth Day, the square in front of the Presidential Office Building in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, is illuminated. There are large parades and rallies, displays of martial arts, folk dancing, and other cultural activities on the holiday. Celebrations end with a spectacular firework display over an island in the middle of the Tarmsui River in Taipei.

2019-10-10

Hangeul Day

Hangeul Day, or Hangeul Proclamation Day, is a public holiday celebrated in South Korea. The purpose of Hangeul Day is to celebrate the formation of the Korean alphabet, or hangeul. This is a day of pride and historical reflection for many South Koreans. The decision to implement the hangeul alphabet has had many effects on the state of South Korea and its people.

2019-10-09

World Post Day

World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern. It was declared World Post Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across the world participate annually in the celebrations. The Posts in many countries use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services. In 2015 countries all over the world committed themselves to working together towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to end extreme poverty and hunger, fight inequality and injustice, and take action to reverse climate change--to name just some of these 17 agreed new Goals. Playing its part in this global effort, the Post today has a more relevant role than ever by providing infrastructure for development.

2019-10-09

Double Ninth Day/ Chung Yeung Festival

The festival of Chung Yeung, otherwise known as as the Double-Ninth, the Festival of High Places or Autumn Remembrance, has been celebrated on the ninth day of the ninth lunar month for millennia.

2019-10-07

Chung Yeung Festival

"The Chung Yeung Festival falls on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month. Similar to the Ching Ming Festival, the Chung Yeung Festival is when entire families congregate at cemeteries to engage in age-old practices of ancestor worship. It is also popular to hike to the city’s high points on this day, as it’s believed this will bring good luck. This custom is rooted in a Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) legend in which a soothsayer advised a man to take his family to high ground for the 9th day of the 9th moon. The man complied and the next day discovered that all the inhabitants of his village had been slaughtered, while he and his family had been spared by leaving for the hills. In Hong Kong, people go to the great outdoors for a picnic on this day, with many people eating special cakes called ‘ko’. The name sounds similar to ‘high’ or ‘top’ in Chinese and people eat them in the hope of being promoted to high positions."

2019-10-07

Labour Day (ACT, NSW, SA only)

Labour Day, also known as Eight Hours Day in Tasmania and May Day in the Northern Territory, commemorates the granting of the eight-hour working day for Australians. It also recognizes workers’ contributions towards the nation’s economy. It is an annual public holiday and its date varies across the states and territories.

2019-10-07

World Smile Day

World Smile Day is celebrated on the first Friday in the month of October every year. The idea of World Smile Day was coined and initiated by Harvey Ball, a commercial artist from Worcester, Massachusetts. Harvey Ball is known to have created the Smiley Face in 1963. The World's first World Smile Day was held in the year 1999 and has been held annually since.

2019-10-06

World's Teachers' Day

As we celebrate World Teachers’ Day 2018, we take this occasion to remind the global community that “The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher.” This theme was chosen to mark the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), where education is recognized as a key fundamental right. A right that cannot be fulfilled without qualified teachers. One of the main challenge to this right worldwide is the continued shortage of teachers. There are an estimated 264 million children and youth still out of school globally, and according to the UNESCO Institute of Statistics, the world needs to recruit almost 69 million new teachers to reach the 2030 education goal of universal primary and secondary education. This ‘teacher gap’ is more pronounced among vulnerable populations – girls, children with disabilities, refugee and migrant children, and poor children living in rural or remote areas. Trained and qualified teachers are fundamental to the right to education.

2019-10-05

World Animal Day

No matter what country you go to in any corner of the planet, animals will consistently have a strong impact on the region’s culture. That’s why on October 4, people spanning the globe will come together to celebrate World Animal Day, and give a voice to the animals who can’t speak for themselves. World Animal Day dates as far back as 1925, when a man named Heinrich Zimmermann organized the first celebration in Berlin. Zimmermann, the publisher of German magazine Man and Dog, held the event to raise awareness and improve the welfare of animals. Since then, it has also become an arena for ecologists to discuss the problems associated with endangered species. Beginning in 2003, the UK-based charity Naturewatch Foundation has sponsored the event and organized ways to take part all over the world.

2019-10-04

National Foundation Day (South Korea)

Known traditionally as Gaecheonjeol, which translates roughly as “Opening Sky Day” or “Festival of the Opening of Heaven”, National Foundation Day is part of a rich history celebrating the central foundation myth of the ancient Korean kingdom of Gojoseon. The national holiday and the historical myth upon which it is based have long been an integral part of the Korean national identity.

2019-10-03

International Day of Non-Violence

The International Day of Non-Violence is marked on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. According to General Assembly resolution A/RES/61/271 of 15 June 2007, which established the commemoration, the International Day is an occasion to ""disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness"". The resolution reaffirms ""the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence"" and the desire ""to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding and non-violence"".

2019-10-02

National Batik Day

It celebrates "Batik" as the national textiles

2019-10-02

World Vegetarian Day

The festival is also growing popularity in Asia, such as Hong Kong and Singapore.

2019-10-01
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